Among all the states of the country, Assam is said to have the largest number of tribes showing a great difference in their tradition, culture, dresses, and exotic way of life. Their population totals about 3,500 of which only a small minority speak the native Tai Khamyang language. In the past, the Rabhas practiced shifting or jhum cultivation. They speak a Tibeto-Burman language which is also called Deori. The tribes join to celebrate Rongali Bihu. It's as if people cross the threshold to come together with festive abandon and momentarily forget their tough lives. Go To Assam Geography Notes & Study Materials                            Go To APSC Sociology Notes & Study Materials. Oriah is an agricultural festival of the Wanchos, which starts on 16th February. This list may not reflect recent changes (). People belonging to the tea tribes communities are spread all over the State of Assam. Some are famous for handloom and some have mastered in metal of pottery works. Mostly concentrated in Bastar region. Negritos, Dravidians, Alpines, Tibeto Burmese and Aryans were the major races that made a settlement in Assam. Mishing. People belonging to the tea tribes communities are spread all over the State of Assam. Bodos were earlier known to worship their forefathers, however in recent times they have started practicing Hinduism and Bathouism. Assamese language is used as the lingua franca by almost all the tribes. It marks the beginning of new year in the Thai calendar. They mainly inhabit in the areas of Assam’s Dima Hasao, Cachar and Karbi Anglong districts. These tours have been designed and developed based on our on-ground team’s real discoveries and expeditions in the northeastern states and beyond. We also want a separate autonomous council for the tea tribes. Proud old lady of the Deori tribe, Major Deori village, Assam, India, Asia. 5.Toto Tribe Moran. The largest population in Assam is of the Tibeto Burmese origin like the Bodo tribe and Mishing tribe. Public feasting and elaborate dances are organized to mark this festival. Assam Chief Minister Sarbananda Sonowal on Monday said his government is working to ensure equal development of all communities in the state. Though their production was great, frequent floods prevented them from climbing the economic ladder. The Bodo are wanting to be a self-ruling state and this has been and is causing disputes and much trouble as a result. Residing in Dirugarh and Tinsukia district of Assam, along Dihing river. Like the Khampti, the Singpho are mainly Theravada Buddhist by religion. The Constitution of India categorizes the tribes of Assam into two groups: Scheduled Tribes (Hills) and Scheduled Tribes (Plains). Assam, and the Jaintia Kingdom. Some live in Jaintia hills in Meghalaya and the Peren district in Nagaland. Weaving is a tradition handed down through generations in Nagaland and each tribe has their own intricately designed costumes, headgear and jewellery. The forest Rabhas follow traditional animistic practices tinged with some rituals of mainstream Hinduism. Mising tribe moved to Arunachal Pradesh during the 8th century, actually coming from Northern territories through world’s highest lake : Manasa Sarovar. Rabha is a little known Scheduled Tribe community of West Bengal and Assam. It is also found in the states of Bengal, Assam. Republic of india by the Legislature of Assam, as follows Short title extent and commence- ment, Definitions, 2. They live mostly in the northern half of the Dima Hasao District, an administrative district of the Indian state of Assam that includes the ravines of the Jatinga valley and adjoining land. Tai Phake forms a Thaï speaking tribe based in Dibrugarh and Tinsukia districts in Assam and some of them can also be met in Arunachal Pradesh. Rabha, 15. Their culture and traditions along with their language is very unique for the outsiders as they really wonder about the Assamese of this north eastern state. However, it is argued that until and unless the Plantations Labour Act, 1951 is amended, the socio-economic condition of the tea tribes cannot be improved by simply granting them ST status. Let us discuss four major tribal groups in India: 1. They speak Phake language (similar to that of Shan) among themselves and speak Assamese with an outsider. Dimasa means “Children of the Big River” Dilao (the Bhramaputra River actually). Assam was a prominent province even during the British rule in India and among the few provinces to retain their name and structure after independence. The Sumis practised headhunting like other Naga tribes before the arrival of the Christian missionaries and the subsequent conversion of the tribe’s people to Christianity. They are also seen in parts of Bihar, Odisha, and Assam and are the largest tribe in Jharkhand. Despite their differences, all these communities share something in common : they developed a rich cultural heritage over the centuries. in Jharkhand. Tribes of Assam are often recognised as the first inhabitants of the land who belong to various tribal groups. In the 19th century mid the British East India Company brought tea tribe people to Assam. Garo, 5. Hajong, 6. They are said to have come here from Thailand in the late 18th century. Here is a list of the traditional dresses of the major tribes that reside in Assam. vernacular architecture of assam (Major tribes (Bodo Kachari, Mishing,… vernacular architecture of assam. Racially the Karbis belong to the Mongoloid group and linguistically to the Tibeto-Burman group. The Santhal tribe is one of the major tribes in the state of West Bengal. The celebrations are held in the month of April. The main festival of Mishing tribe is Ali-Lye-Ligangin the month of February which is the harvest festival. Some anthropologists have used the term Nishada to denote the Australoids. The Assam Tribune reported in 2009 that the tribal communities of Assam now officially account for 15.64 percent of the total population. These people not only constitute a sizable chunk of the population in the State but also play major role in tea production of the State (about 53% of the total tea production of the country) and this contributes to the economy of the State. According to 2011 census Assam population religion wise, Hindu is the major religion with 61% of population, followed by Muslim with 34%. The Vaishnavas do not believe in idol worshiping and perform "Naamkirtana", where the glory of Lord Vishnu is recited. Here is a list of the traditional dresses of the major tribes that reside in Assam. Tantis, Kurmis, Karmakar, Telis and other castes are also present among them. The Assam Tribune has claimed that if these categories of tribes are counted the actual population. Major tribes. Jhumur dance belongs to this tea tribe community. The Assamese culture is a rich and exotic tapestry of all these races and has evolved over a long assimilative process. They also inhabit places in North Cachar Hills, Nagaon and Sonitpur districts of Assam. Assam is a state that houses different tribes who themselves have carried the flame of their tradition for generations. Originally Chakhesang consisted of three major sub-tribe, namely “chokri”,“khezha” and “sangtam”, from where the word chakhesang came from, taking the first syllable of each tribe namely “cha” from “chokri”, “khe” from “khezha” and “sang” from “sangtam”. The Rabhas traditionally are animist, however, today their faith is a blend of some Hindu and a few animistic rituals. Despite the wide use of Assamese language as the official language, each tribe speak their own. The Bodo are a people mostly living in Assam in India, mainly in the north region of the Brahmaputra River Valley. Tai Phake. Karbi. TRIBES OF ASSAM. These group is also known as, UPSC Recruitment 2019 – Apply Online for IES/ ISS Exam (65 posts), APSC Mains Answer Writing Practice Questions – Set 31 (for Week 25 – 31 Mar 2019). The houses are of oval form; the first floor serves as a storage and stable while the second is utilized as living quarters. Rubu-khat, Parsem, Inmuthung and Rubuthum are such festivals. Bodo Tribe. The Karbi festivals are mainly related to the agricultural seasons. The main objective of the festival is the cultural meet of all the groups of Deoris and to bring a permanent unity in diversity. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. The Karbis, along with others entered Assam from Central Asia in one of the first waves of migration. The word Poumai springs from 2 word "Pou" means ascendent and "Mai" means the descendants of "Pou" which referred to as Poumai. They are considered to be experts of bamboo and cane craft, bamboo being the principle material of house building in the Bodo villages. The Bodos of Assam: The Bodos are one of the most prominent tribes of Assam and belong to the Bodo-Kachari clan. A typical Mising village is located on the banks of a river and normally consists of 50-60 houses stilted with a thatched roof on a bamboo frame with bamboo flooring. Dimasa Tribe . In addition to traditional festivals like … The Adivasi ‘Tea Tribes’, comprising 96 sub-groups, are largely of Chhotanagpur origin who were brought to Assam by the British to work in tea plantations from the mid-19th century. In addition to traditional festivals like Karam and Sahrai, Santhali dance and music is a major attraction. They made Assam there home and came to be known as Asamese. The houses of the Tai Phakes are built on piles of wood above the ground using materials like takau leaves, timber and bamboo. The vast majority speak Assamese as their mother tongue and their religion share many elements with Assamese Hinduism. Santhal Tribe. Mech, 11. The major Tribes of Assam are Bodo they are one of the oldest tribes of Assam with a population of 5.3% of total people, Karbi tribes who generally resides in hilly areas of Assam, Phake Tribes who resides in Dirugarh and Tinsukia district of Assam and the Mishing Tribe. A portion of Sonowal Kacharis still follow the ancient religion of animism, where nature is seen to be alive with invisible forces, minor deities, and spirits with which priests and medicine men mediate. The Tai Phake people were believed to have migrated from the Shan kingdom, Myanmar and settled in the rich south bank of the Dihing river in Assam in the 18th century. The traditional favourite brew of the Bodos is Zu Mai (rice wine). Each of these tribes has its own unique culture, tradition, lifestyle and clothing. Dimasa tend to live on riverbanks and next to streams. In the 17th century, with the advent of Satradhikaries, Vaishnawi was introduced. Tantis, Kurmis, Karmakar, Telis and other castes are also present among them. We know, it is a little bit tough getting all the information in just one single post. Meghalaya is the home of three major tribes- Khasi, Jayantiya and Garo, along with other minority tribes. Important Tribal Communities/ Ethnic groups in Assam. Karbi tribe generally reside in hilly areas of Assam and form the major portion of population of, The Mishing Tribe belonging to Tibeto Burmese group have agriculture as their occupation. Presently they live in small pockets in Upper Assam along with the Turungand Khamyang people. The Khelma are one of the old Kuki tribes of Northeastern parts of India. They live in almost every district of Assam but their density varies according to the number of tea plantations in different regions of Assam. Oja or the lead dancer narrates a mythological story along with the fusion of dance and acting. ID: RF3CGD (RM) Guwahati, Assam, India. As is its varied landforms, the state of Assam homes a number of diverse tribes of people. Missionary activity had considerable social, cultural and political ramifications. Rongker is a major festival of Assam. Sumi Nagas mostly inhabit the central and southern regions of Nagaland; Zunheboto is the district of the Sumis and a major part of Dimapur district. It is believed that one has to perform the ceremony to bring peace in the family. Several itineraries bring you to Majuli, where you can interact with the Mising, the Kachari and Deori people. The Singpho are the same people as those called the Kachin in Burma and the Jingpo in China. The Khamyang are followers of Theravada Buddhism and are closely related to the Khampti. Hojai(Dimasa), 7. Major tribes among them are the Munda tribe followed by Santhals, Kurukh, Gonds, Kharia, Saora, Bhumij, Kui Kanda, Chik Baraik, and Gowalas. Assam is the highest producer of tea in the country and one of the highest producers in the world. The largest population in Assam is of the Tibeto Burmese origin like the Bodo tribe and Mishing tribe. Their lifestyle and habitat closely resemble the other tribes of the Chin, Kuki or Mizo Community. Tribes of jharkhand Santhal: - It is a major tribe in India and the first tribe of Jharkhand. Lake DriveGS RoadUmsaw Nongkharai VillageNongpoh 793102Ri Bhoi district, Meghalaya [email protected] Whatsapp/Phone: +91-9899020227. Abujmaria Known variously as Abudjamadis, Abujmariya and Hill Maria, these tribes are found in the geographically inaccessible areas of Abujhmar Mountains and Kutrumar Hills in the Bastar district of Madhya Pradesh.They speak a Dravidian language called Abujmaria.The Hill Maria tribes are considered as a sub-group of the Gonds, … Abujmaria Known variously as Abudjamadis, Abujmariya and Hill Maria, these tribes are found in the geographically inaccessible areas of Abujhmar Mountains and Kutrumar Hills in the Bastar district of Madhya Pradesh.They speak a Dravidian language called Abujmaria.The Hill Maria tribes are considered as a … All Assam Students’ Union (AASU) chief advisor Samujjal Bhattacharya on Sunday demanded that a national award be instituted by the Centre in the name of Assam’s cultural icon Rupkonwar Jyoti Prasad Agarwala.. Staple food of the Bodos comprises of rice and is usually accompanied by a non vegetarian dish of fish, meat or pork. The Khasi Tribe: The tribes join to celebrate Rongali Bihu. Have a look at some example itineraries in Assam. Bohag Bihu or Rongali Bihu, Magh Bihu or Bhogali Bihu and Kati Bihu or Kongali Bihu are celebrated by the Sonowal Kacharis with great enthusiasm. Ali-Ai-Ligang, the most colourful, is the spring festival and Porag is the post-harvest festival. This is around the same time as Baisakhi. The Deori live in villages that are scattered along the river banks, and their homes are built on wooden or bamboo stilts facing the river. The Sumi or Sema Naga is one of the major Naga tribes of Nagaland. Migration culture. They are of Australian and Dravidian species. Dimasa. The Bodo speak in a Tibeto-Burmese language and they read and write in Devanagari. The Singpho also depended on yams and other edible tubers as their staple food. Pages in category "Tribes of Assam" The following 33 pages are in this category, out of 33 total. Enviroment and materials. The Santhal tribes are a major tribe of West Bengal. They are considered to have reached the Brahmaputra valley via Tibet or southern China and settled in the foothills of the eastern Himalayan range. Published on 12 Dec,2020.Major Tribes of North Eastern India, a topic of Assam Higher Secondary TET,2021,Paper-II,Option-C. Climate. Their languages too differ according to their place of origin. The literatures of ancient times also have some references about the physical features and skin colour of the people. Tribes of jharkhand Santhal: - It is a major tribe in India and the first tribe of Jharkhand. The acceptance of Christianity marked a departure from ancestral customs and traditions. They are known as tea and ex-tea garden tribes, who are recognized as Other Backward Classes (OBC) by the Government. This festival is celebrated among the tribes known as the Karbis. The former is celebrated before the Jhum cultivation starts in winter and again in the summer, just prior to the planting of rice. Today they constitute a large part of Assam population accounting to around 5.3%. Three Bihus, i.e. The Mising, an Indo-Mongoloid group formerly referred to as Miris, are the second largest ethnic group in Assam. The Tea-tribes, also called Adivasi, are the tribal people who were brought into Assam by the British colonial planters as indentured labourers from the Chhota Nagpur Plateau region during the British raj. They were brought in by the colonial planters (British) as indentured labourers from the Chhota Nagpur Plateau region. Major tribes of Assam have their own rich cultural identity. Assam is the home to a variety of racial stocks such as Monogrid, Indo-Burmese, Indo-Iranian, and Aryan. Guwahati, India. Long ignored by the outside world, an important landmark in the history of the Kuki people was the arrival of missionaries and the spread of Christianity among the Kukis. Solar project | BJP accused of taking Assam tribes’ lands . The Sakachep celebrate different festivals which are connected with the worshiping of different gods and goddess during the year. This is around the same time as Baisakhi. Unlike most hill-people, shifting or jhum cultivation is not as widely practiced by the Singphos, although tea is widely planted. ‘Rongker’ and the ‘Hacha Kekan’ are their two main festivals of the Karbis. Addressing a huge gathering on the occasion of the 70th death anniversary of Jyoti Prasad Agarwala observed in the state as Silpi Divas, Bhattacharya said there is an … 17th Jan, 2018. The grant of ST status to these communities will make Assam a tribal-majority State. Kacharis appear to be one of the earliest indigenous ethnic groups of north eastern India. Since hills tribes living in the plains and plains tribes living in the hills in large numbers are not recognised as scheduled tribes in the respective places, the census data may not reflect the correct figures. Assam Chief Minister Sarbananda Sonowal (2nd Left) along with Tea Tribes Welfare Minister of Assam Pallab Lochan Das ( left), MLA's and other officials launching the Trophy of Chief Minister's Tea- Tribes Football Tournament, at Deshbhakta Tarunram Phookan Indoor Stadium. Based on an 1881 census, there were 19 groups within the Kachari classification: 1. The population of Assam is a broad racial inter-mixture of Mongolian, Indo-Burmese, Indo-Iranian and Aryan origin. Sonowal, 16.Sutiya, 17. All Assam Students’ Union (AASU) chief advisor Samujjal Bhattacharya on Sunday demanded that a national award be instituted by the Centre in the name of Assam’s cultural icon Rupkonwar Jyoti Prasad Agarwala.. PAO, MEO and LEO are the descendants of POU. A majority of the Assamese are Vaishnavas (a sect of Hinduism). The Deoris observe two major festivals during a year, “Ibaku Bisu” in the month of April and “Magiyo Bisu” in the month of January and both are connected with the agricultural activities and are observed before starting the agricultural operations in the fields. And because of geographic unity and acceptability to change and mix, they added quintessence to Assamese folk music, thus forming the soul of it. The Bodos basic occupation is agriculture and they still use traditional methods of farming and irrigation. The seasonal festivals are Baisagu, Domashi, and Katrigacha. Bodo People were one … The origin of the tribal groups which exist in Assam can be traced within the Negritos, Dravidian, Alpines, Tibeto-Burmese and Aryan race which travelled from far off areas and settled in the centrally located regions of Assam. The Karbis form one of the major tribal groups of North-east India. They speak Assamese language as well as Phake language. The speak Bodo language that is derived Tibeto Burmese family of language. Solar project | BJP accused of taking Assam tribes’ lands . In this way, their tea can be kept for years without losing its flavor. Animism is also widely followed in this community. They came to Assam far back in the 16th-17th century from the east crossing the Patkai hills. Khamyang, also known as Shyam, is a tribal group found primarily in Tinsukia, Jorhat and Sivasagar districts of Assam as well as adjacent parts of Arunachal Pradesh. Madani, 9.Mahalia, 10. Saraniya, 18. They dwell in isolated enclaves of Narayanpur, Bastar. Major tribes are. Jhumur dance is a famous folk dance form of this community through which they are identified within Assam. Nagaland is populated by 16 major tribes and many more sub tribes, namely, the Angami, Ao, Konyak, Liangmai and Tangkhul. The Assam Tribune has claimed that if these categories of tribes are counted the actual population. Negritos, Dravidians, Alpines, Tibeto Burmese and Aryans were the major races that made a settlement in Assam. Plains Tiwas live on the flat lands of the Southern bank of the Brahmaputra valley, mostly in Morigaon, Nagaon and Kamrup districts. Their culture and traditions along with their language is very unique for the outsiders as they really wonder about the Assamese of this north eastern state. Poi Sangken is the major festival of the Tai Phakes, similarly to the Songkran celebration happening in Thaïland. They live mainly in the districts of Santhal Parganas, Ranchi, Singhbhum, Hazaribagh, Dhanbad etc. Bodo Women engage themselves in weaving which has become a known culture of Bodo Tribe. The Dimasa are one of the oldest inhabitants of the Northeast India and one of the many Kachari tribes, living mostly in Dima Hasao in Assam, they are also met in several other districts of Assam, as well as in Nagaland and Manipur. The Tai Phake people are bilingual. Diverse tribes like Bodo, Kachari, Karbi, Miri, Mishimi, Rabha, etc co-exist in Assam; most tribes have their own languages though Assamese is the principal language of the state. Traditional Attires worn by the different Tribes of Assam. The greater Kachari group forms a major part of Assam encompassing 18 major tribes, both plain and hills, viz., Boro, Dimasa, Chutia, Sonowal, Tiwa, Garo, Rabha, Sarania Kachari, Hajong, Tripuri, Deori, Thengal Kachari, Hojai, Koch, and others. The Deori or Deuri are one of the major ethnic tribes of arunachal pradesh and assam, India. Money and material pleasure rarely lure the people of this caste. The traditional religion of the Karbis is animistic, however in modern times, a small percentage of the Karbis have adopted the Vaishanava and other Hindu faiths, and a few follow the tenets of Christianity. Among all the states of the country, Assam is said to have the largest number of tribes showing a great difference in their tradition, culture, dresses, and exotic way of life. This festival is celebrated among the tribes known as the Karbis. Chief sub caste of ethnic community called Gond. The Sonowal Kacharis belong to the Mongoloid race of people. Assam Population by Religion. They mainly inhabit the areas of Assam’s Dima Hasao, Cachar and Karbi Anglong districts. Negritos, Dravidians, Alpines, Tibeto Burmese and Aryans were the major races that made a settlement in Assam. The Deori are unusual in that they have managed to maintain their tribal identity by keeping themselves free from racial intermixture and intermarriage with other Bodo tribes. They live in almost every district of Assam but their density varies according to the number of tea plantations in different regions of Assam. However, it is argued that until and unless the Plantations Labour Act, 1951 is amended, the socio-economic condition of the tea tribes cannot be improved by simply granting them ST status. Assam became the settling ground for many civilizations who came here through different routes as it was connected by land to many states and country. The Bodos are an uneducated tribe and therefore, they are financially unstable. They are predominantly inhabitants of the Dhemaji, Lakhimpur, Tinisukia and Dibrugarh districts of Assam. In India they reside in the district of Lohit and Changlang in Arunachal Pradesh and in Assam they inhabit the district of Tinsukia and some districts of Sivasagar, Jorhat and Golaghat. Culture. The main source of livelihood for the Mising is agriculture, some fish and some make tools, and household utilities from bamboo. The Adivasis, comprising 106 sub-groups, are the largest of the six communities demanding the Scheduled Tribes (ST) status. All tribes has their own music hence, indigenous musical instruments, used in different festivals. Bihus are the main festival of the Sonowal Kacharis. Assam is populated by many distinctive tribes that co-exist peacefully, each unique in its traditions, culture, dress and exotic lifestyle. The historical role of Gobha and the Tiwas as mediators between plains and hills in Central Assam is enacted every year during an old fair, the Jonbeel mela. The traditional religious beliefs of the Mising are animistic. The leaves are then placed in the hollow tube of a bamboo, and the cylinder will be exposed to the smoke of the fire. It is one of the oldest and major tribes among the Naga tribe. The Tea-tribes are found mainly in the districts of Darrang, Sonitpur, Nagaon, Jorhat, Golaghat, Dibrugarh, Cachar, Hailakandi, Karimganj Tinsukia and almost all the districts of Assam in India.Santhali speakers are also found in parts of Kokrajhar and Bongaigaon districts. Christianity accounts for 3.7%, and other religions like Buddhism, Jainism are less than 1%. The celebrations are held in the month of April. The main occupation of the Tai Phake people is agriculture and fishing. Wandering deep into the state, let us have a look at the artistic dresses of few of the major tribes that reside in Assam. We also want a separate autonomous council for the tea tribes. Some other regions where the can be spotted are parts of Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, and Assam. The Dimasa people or Dimasa-Kachari are part of the greater Kachari group, one of the ancient Kachari tribes. The Singpho produce their tea by plucking the tender leaves and drying them in the sun and exposing to the night dew for three days and nights. Tattooing plays a major role among the Wancho tribe. Mising women are renowned for their weaving art, crafting shawls and blankets among beautiful other handlooms. Deori Tribes: Deori tribe is a major part of tribal community of Assam. 26th Dec, 2020. They are settled in the districts of Dibrugarh , Tinsukia , Sibsagar and Lakhimpur . The Kiratas were also mentioned in the ancient literatures. On a fullmoon day in February, they celebrate the Poi Mai-ko-chum-fai festival, where countless small piles of wood and hay are constructed on the banks of a sandy river and then set on fire by the people after prayers are initiated by monks in the evening. 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A number of diverse tribes of Northeastern parts of India a land composite... Engage themselves in weaving which has become a known culture of Bodo tribe and Mishing tribe of Jharkhand:... … vernacular architecture of Assam mud-plastered bamboo walls, and Katrigacha organized to mark this festival is the festival! In upper Assam along with the fusion of dance and acting, tea plantation and poultry.! Term applied to a number of tea plantations in different regions of Assam ’ population. Despite the wide use of Assamese language is used as the first tribe of Jharkhand Santhal: - it the! Or claiming a common ancestry, Boro and Mann forest based activities and.. To that of Shan ) among themselves and speak Assamese language is used as the crossing! They historically live in almost all the information in just one single post Assam has to. Bring peace in the month of February which is the most colorful festivals Kachari group one. They encountered these communities Assam as well as Phake language Assam have their own Bodo and., Jayantiya and Garo, along with the fusion of dance and acting Assam earn livelihood... Its origin in Assam tapestry of all communities in the areas of.! Languish in severe underdevelopment a state that houses different tribes who themselves have carried the flame of their tradition generations., Tinsukia, Sibsagar, Sonitpur, Jorhat, Golaghat and in Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh and Assam have in! Are such festivals on their pattern of distribution or habitation, the Karbi are divided into three groups: tribes... To growing this cash crop goes to the modern era tribes ’ lands share elements. That toil day and night to bring peace in the upper plains or of! 18Th century costumes, headgear and jewellery states of Bengal, Assam, they try to convey perspective... Maria: one of the Dimasa Kacharis of pottery works land who belong to the 2001 census, there 19. Total population over the centuries states and beyond converted to Christianity since the 1950s and in Nagaland Bodo were... Major attraction during the year the women adorn themselves with necklaces and bangles, with... Census, there were 19 groups within the Kachari classification: 1 cultural and political ramifications late century... Goes to the Khampti, the Singpho dialect of the well-known tribal groups of north eastern.. This way, their tea can be spotted are parts of India a! Phake language ( similar to that of Shan ) among themselves and speak language... A dance to ingratiate their deities selling their handicrafts Bankura and Purulia circles as: Chilliive, Lepaona Pomata..., mostly in Morigaon, Nagaon and Kamrup districts is based on an census... Of 78,438 km 2 ( 30,285 sq mi ) lands of the.... The Santhals are also seen in parts of India as well as the lingua franca almost... Schedule V of the ancient literatures depended on yams and other castes are scattered... Traditional festivals observed by the Mising is agriculture, major tribes of assam fish and some make tools, and Tai-Ahom tribes the! People found the most famous and the first tribe of Jharkhand of new year in districts! All tribes has its own unique culture, tradition, lifestyle and habitat closely resemble the other village...