We can analyse some important definitions of public finance given by some leading authorities in public finance. As an emerging economy with a wide gap in the d istribution of public goods, South Africa still needs government to play the three roles mentioned above. PUBLIC FINANCE 1. Economists Publication Definition Charles F. Bastable Public Finance – 1892 For all States – whether crude or highly It assesses the government expenditure and revenue and the adjustment of one or another public institution to achieve desirable effects while avoiding undesirable ones. Government spending refers to money spent by the public sector on the acquisition of goods and provision of services such as education, healthcare, social protection Social Security Social Security is a US federal government program that provides social insurance and benefits to people with inadequate or no income. The government borrows from any of the following reasons: • to finance national government deficits; • to obtain foreign exchange; • to secure financing at more favorable terms than the opportunity cost of revenues; • to take advantage of benefits attached to the funds, e.g. INTRODUCTION As part of public finance, the budget allocation process is key to the government’s roles of allocation, redistribution of resources, and economic stabilisation. INTRODUCTION The core of public finance depends on spending someone else's money by some peo-ple. Government finance is important to achieve sustainable high economic growth rate. Key Words: Public expenditure, medium-term expenditure system, fiscal discipline, budget concept. The tools are taxes, public debt, and public expenditure and so on. Price stability: The government uses the fiscal tools in order to bring increase in both aggregate demand and aggregate supply. What is Government Spending? income and expenditure of public authorities and principles, problems and policies relating to these matters. In 2015, HM Treasury, in partnership with government departments, created a new costing unit to conduct rapid six- to eight-week reviews of areas of public spending. Public finance studies the role of the government in an economy. An important rule of public finance, which is sometimes described as a golden rule, is that if borrowed money by the government is used for investment or developmental purposes, it leads to growth in GDP or national income. ADVERTISEMENTS: Traditional economists held the view that the State should not … technology; and, • to balance the timing of resources with the project gestation and Socialism, in any sense, can be realised only through progressive taxation and their distribution afterwards. The aim of this paper is to point out an importance of public expenditure management and its using in the area of public finance and budget. Underdeveloped nations are keen on rapid economic development which requires huge expenditure to be incurred in the various sectors of the economy. It is the branch of economics which assesses the government revenue and government expenditure of the public authorities and the adjustment of one or the other to achieve desirable effects and avoid undesirable ones. ADVERTISEMENTS: Public Expenditure: Importance and Objects of Public Expenditure! 2. The first Social, and defense. A Government Finance or a Public finance is the study of the role of the government in the economy. Public expenditure is not merely a financial mechanism. Public finance in some form can be said to be as old as civilization itself. roads), healthcare for the poor and aging (e.g. The public sector is that part of the economy controlled by the government. 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